COVID-19 Research


  1. Brady, David. Cytokine Storms, Elderberry, Ibuprofen, and Tylenol, Oh My! Editorial.
  2. Blumberg, Jeffrey B. et al. “Review and Perspective on the Composition and Safety of Green Tea Extracts.” European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety 5(1): 1-31, 2015.
  3. Chasse, Jaclyn. “Will Elderberry Induce a Cytokine Storm?” Emerson Ecologics.
  4. Cohen, S., Tyrrell, D.A., Smith, A.P., 1991. “Psychological stress and susceptibility to the common cold.” N. Engl. J. Med. 325, 606-612.
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  6. Designs for Health. Current controversies in the Natural Therapeutics of Immune Support: a roundtable discussion with three renowened clinicians. Dr David Brady, Dr Todd Lepine, Dr Peter D’Adamo. March 25, 2020. Webinar.
  7. Drake, Victoria J. “Micronutrient Inadequacies in the US Population: an Overview” Linus Pauling institute, Oregon State University. Micronutrient Information Center. Published 2017. Accessed 13 April 2020.
  8. EFSA ANS Panel (EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food), Younes M, et al. “Scientific Opinion on the safety of green tea catechins.” EFSA Journal 2018;16(4):5239, 89 pp. European Food Safety Authority. EFSA Journal published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd on behalf of European Food Safety Authority.
  9. Gombart, Adrian F; Pierre, Adeline; Maggini, Silvia. “A Review of Micronutrients and the Immune System–Working in Harmony to Reduce the Risk of Infection.” Nutrients, 2020, 12, 236.
  10. Greiller, Claire L., Martineau, Adrian R. “Review: Modulation of the Immune Response to Respiratory Viruses by Vitamin D.” Nutrients 2015, 7, 4240-4270.
  11. Jones, A.W., and Dvison, Glen. “Exercise, Immunity, and Illness.” Muscle Metabolism and Exercise Physiolog. Accessed 20th April, 2020.
  12. Kinker, Brenton, et al. “Review: Quercetin: A Promising Treatment for the Common Cold.” J Anc Dis Prev Rem 2014, 2:2.
  13. Kumaki, Yohichi, et al. “Inhibition of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus replication in a lethal SARS-CoV BALB/c mouse model by stinging nettle lectin, Urtica dioica agglutinin.” Antiviral Res. 2011 April ; 90(1): 22–32.
  14. Kumar, Pankaj, et al. “Effects of Quercetin Supplementation on Lung Antioxidants After Experimental Influenza Virus Infection.” Experimental Lung Research, 31:449–459, 2005.
  15. Lewis, Ricki. “Digestive Symptoms Tied to Worse COVID-19 Outcomes.” Am J Gastroenterol. Published online March 18, 2020.
  16. Lin, Shih-Chao, et al. “Effective inhibition of MERS-CoV infection by resveratrol.” BMC Infectious Diseases (2017) 17:144.
  17. Loh, Doris. COVID-19, Pneumonia & Inflammasomes – The Melatonin Connection.
  18. Maggini, Siliva et al. Review. “Immune Function and Micronutrient Requirements Change over the Life Course.” Nutrients 10, 1531; 2018.
  19. McGill, E.A. & Montel, I.N. (Eds). 2017. NASM Essentials of Personal Fitness Training. 5th ed.
  20. Meyer, Megan, and Jaspers, Ilona. “Respiratory protease/antiprotease balance determines susceptibility to viral infection and can be modified by nutritional antioxidants.” Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2015 Jun 15; 308(12): L1189–L1201. Published online 2015 Apr 17.
  21. Nieman, D.C, et al. 1990. “Infectious episodes in runners before and after the Los Angeles Marathon.” J. Sports Med. Phys. Fitness 30, 316-328.
  22. Short KR, Kedzierska K and van deSandt CE (2018) Back to the Future: Lessons Learned From the 1918 Influenza Pandemic. Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol. 8:343
  23. Song, JM, et al. “Antiviral effect of catechins in green tea on influenza virus.” Antiviral Res. 68(2):66-74. 2005.
  24. Tisoncik, Jennifer, et al. “Into the Eye of the Cytokine Storm.” Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews. 1092-2172, 12. 16-32.
  25. UCLA News Room, “Sleepless Night Triggers Immune System’s Inflammatory Response.”
  26. United States Department of Agriculture, “Food Security in the U.S.” Economic Research Service; Food & Nutrition Assistance. Last updated 04 Sept 2019. Accessed 13 April 2020.
  27. Vaidya, Bipin, et al. “Effectiveness of Periodic Treatment of Quercetin against Influenza A Virus H1N1 through Modulation of Protein Expression.” J. Agric. Food Chem. 2016, 64, 4416−4425.
  28. Walsh, N.P., et al. 2011. “Position statement. Part one: immune function and exercise.” Exerc. Immunol. Rev. 17, 6-63.
  29. Walker, Matthew. Why We Sleep: The New Science of Sleep and Dreams. Scribner, 2017.
  30. Wang, Ruth X., Colgan, Sean P. “Special pro-resolving mediator (SPM) actions in regulating gastrointestinal inflammation and gut mucosal immune responses.” Mol Aspects Med. 2017 December ; 58: 93–101.
  31. Wu, Wenjiao, et al. “Quercetin as an Antiviral Agent Inhibits Influenza A Virus (IAV) Entry.” Viruses 2016, 8, 6.
  32. Xu, J, et al. “A Review of the Antiviral Role of Green Tea Catechins.” Molecules. 22(8). 2017.
  33. Yu, Lilei, et al. “Immunodepletion with Hypoxemia: A Potential High Risk Subtype of Coronavirus Disease 2019.” medRxiv preprint doi:
  34. Zhang, Deng-hai, et al. “In silico screening of Chinese herbal medicines with the potential to directly inhibit 2019 novel coronavirus.” Journal of Integrative Medicine 18 (2020) 152–158

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